Revealing Criminology

Revealing® Criminology treats the major topics covered in criminology courses. The text makes the material accessible without oversimplifying, providing examples and interactive activities throughout. “Make it Real” segments bring the material into a specific context to deepen students’ understanding of the subject matter. The material presented in Revealing Criminology is consistent with contemporary criminology and its reliance on criminal law. Simultaneously, it frequently reminds readers of how the definitions and understanding of crime are created and maintained within our stratified society and that issues of race, social class, gender, and age color them. This unique combination provides students with the basic information and tools they need to understand crime in American society, while encouraging them to challenge their own preconceived notions of crime.

The first three modules discuss the definition and popular understanding (social construction) of crime, the measurement of crime, and key trends and patterns in crime in the United States. The fourth through seventh modules critique the major criminological theories, from the classical school and trait theories to social structure and social process theories and critical criminology. Each of the next four modules covers a major type of crime: violent crime, property crime, public order and organized crime, and white-collar and corporate crime. The final module examines the harm caused by different kinds of crime, as well as how society responds to crime.

Revealing® Criminology modules:

  • Defining Crime & Criminology
  • Measuring Crime
  • Trends & Patterns
  • Origins of Criminology
  • Crime & Environment
  • Socialization & Crime
  • Critical Perspectives
  • Violent Crimes
  • Property Crimes
  • Vice & Illegal Enterprise
  • Elite Crime
  • Crime & Societal Reaction

About the Author: Maureen Outlaw, Ph.D. (Providence College)

Maureen Outlaw is Assistant Professor of Sociology and Women’s Studies at Providence College in Rhode Island. In addition to Criminology, she teaches advanced seminars in Conflict & Violence, Women & Crime, and Intimate Partner Violence. Her published research focuses on the role of gender and control in intimate partner violence.

Price: $65.00

Defining Crime & Criminology

Studying Crime
  • Goals: Studying Crime
  • What Criminology Is & Is Not
  • History of Criminology
  • Make It Real: Law Reflects Context
  • Summary: Studying Crime
  • Try It: Studying Crime
Pillars of Criminology
  • Goals: Pillars of Criminology
  • Crime as Social Phenomenon
  • Nature & Extent of Crime
  • Theoretical Approaches
  • Summary: Pillars of Criminology
  • Try It: Pillars of Criminology
Images of Crime
  • Goals: Images of Crime
  • Social Construction of Crime
  • Social Construction of Danger
  • Make It Real: Stalking Laws
  • Fear & Policy
  • Sex Offender Registry
  • Summary: Images of Crime
  • Try It: Images of Crime
Definitions of Crime
  • Goals: Definitions of Crime
  • Legalistic Definition of Crime
  • Conflict & Consensus
  • Make It Real: Unequal Laws
  • Deviance
  • Crime as Social Harm
  • Summary: Definitions of Crime
  • Try It: Definitions of Crime
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Measuring Crime

Counting & Categorizing
  • Goals: Counting & Categorizing
  • Why We Measure
  • Make It Real: What Is a Crime?
  • How We Measure
  • Types of Measures
  • Summary: Counting & Categorizing
  • Try It: Counting & Categorizing
Official Statistics
  • Goals: Official Statistics
  • Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)
  • UCR: Part I Crimes
  • UCR: Part II Crimes
  • UCR: Crime Rate
  • Make It Real: Using the UCR
  • NIBRS
  • Critiques of Official Statistics
  • Crime Reporting: Victims
  • Crime Reporting: Witnesses
  • Reporting Rates
  • Summary: Official Statistics
  • Try It: Official Statistics
Victimization Surveys
  • Goals: Victimization Surveys
  • NCVS
  • Make It Real: NCVS Redesign
  • NVAWS
  • Critiques of Victim Surveys
  • Summary: Victimization Surveys
  • Try It: Victimization Surveys
Offending Surveys
  • Goals: Offending Surveys
  • What Is Self-Report?
  • Make It Real: Counting Two Ways
  • Self-Report: Examples
  • Critiques of Self-Report
  • Summary: Offending Surveys
  • Try It: Offending Surveys
Which One?
  • Goals: Which One?
  • Methods of Measuring Crime
  • Make it Real: Alternatives
  • Using the UCR & NCVS
  • Summary: Which One?
  • Try It: Which One?
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Trends & Patterns

Crime Trends
  • Goals: Crime Trends
  • Crime in the United States
  • International Crime Rates
  • Make It Real: Global Comparisons
  • What Drives Crime Trends?
  • Interpreting Rates & Trends
  • Summary: Crime Trends
  • Try It: Crime Trends
Offending Patterns
  • Goals: Offending Patterns
  • Patterns of Offending
  • Offending: Age
  • Offending: Gender
  • Offending: Race
  • Make It Real: Racial Profiling
  • Offending: Social Class
  • Offending: Context
  • Summary: Offending Patterns
  • Try It: Offending Patterns
Victimization Patterns
  • Goals: Victimization Patterns
  • Victimization: Age
  • Victimization: Gender
  • Victimization: Race
  • Victimization: Social Class
  • Victimization: Context
  • Victimization: Women & Children
  • Make It Real: Predicting Crime
  • Summary: Victimization Patterns
  • Try It: Victimization Patterns
Victims & Offenders
  • Goals: Victims & Offenders
  • Victim-Offender Overlap
  • Reasons for the Overlap
  • Make It Real: Cycle of Abuse
  • Summary: Victims & Offenders
  • Try It: Victims & Offenders
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Origins of Criminology

Classical Criminology
  • Goals: Classical Criminology
  • Beccaria & Bentham
  • Make It Real: Salem Witch Trials
  • Emergence of Classical Criminology
  • Deterrence
  • Free Will Theory
  • Critiques of Classical Criminology
  • Summary: Classical Criminology
  • Try It: Classical Criminology
Rational Choice
  • Goals: Rational Choice
  • Rational Choice Theory
  • Make It Real: Target Hardening
  • Routine Activity Theory
  • Summary: Rational Choice
  • Try It: Rational Choice
Biological Theories
  • Goals: Biological Theories
  • Positivism
  • Lombroso: Criminal Man
  • Modern Biological Approaches
  • Make It Real: Twinkie Defense
  • Summary: Biological Theories
  • Try It: Biological Theories
Psychological Theories
  • Goals: Psychological Theories
  • Mental Illness, Insanity, Crime
  • Make It Real: Ted Bundy
  • Moral Development & Crime
  • Personality, IQ & Crime
  • Summary: Psychological Theories
  • Try It: Psychological Theories
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Crime & Environment

Criminology of Place
  • Goals: Criminology of Place
  • Sociology & Crime
  • Social Disorganization Theory
  • Deviant Places
  • Make It Real: Broken Windows
  • Place-Level Theories
  • Summary: Criminology of Place
  • Try It: Criminology of Place
Social Strain
  • Goals: Social Strain
  • Strain Theory
  • Strain & Culture
  • Strain Applied
  • General Strain Theory
  • Make It Real: Columbine
  • Extensions of Strain Theory
  • Summary: Social Strain
  • Try It: Social Strain
Subculture Theories
  • Goals: Subculture Theories
  • Subcultures & Crime
  • Lower-Class Focal Concerns
  • Make It Real: Code of the Street
  • Delinquent & Violent Subcultures
  • Subculture Theories: Critique
  • Summary: Subculture Theories
  • Try It: Subculture Theories
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Socialization & Crime

Social Control Theories
  • Goals: Social Control Theories
  • Social Control Theories: Assumptions
  • Containment Theory
  • Social Bond Theory
  • Make It Real: Theory into Action
  • General Theory of Crime
  • Social Control Theories: Critique
  • Summary: Social Control Theories
  • Try It: Social Control Theories
Learning Theories
  • Goals: Learning Theories
  • Learning Theories: Assumptions
  • Differential Association Theory
  • Make It Real: Peer Pressure
  • Techniques of Neutralization
  • Social Learning Theory
  • Learning Theories: Critique
  • Summary: Learning Theories
  • Try It: Learning Theories
Labeling Theories
  • Goals: Labeling Theories
  • Symbolic Interactionism
  • Labeling Theory Concepts
  • Labeling as a Cause of Crime
  • Make It Real: Juvenile Justice
  • Deviance, Shaming, Defiance
  • Labeling Theories: Critique
  • Summary: Labeling Theories
  • Try It: Labeling Theories
Life Course Criminology
  • Goals: Life Course Criminology
  • Life Course Perspective
  • Age-Graded Theory
  • Make It Real: Glueck Study
  • Social Development Model
  • Delinquent Development
  • Summary: Life Course Criminology
  • Try It: Life Course Criminology
Integrated Theories
  • Goals: Integrated Theories
  • Developing Integrated Theories
  • Integrated Theories: Critique
  • Summary: Integrated Theories
  • Try It: Integrated Theories
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Critical Perspectives

Conflict Theories
  • Goals: Conflict Theories
  • Conflict Perspective
  • Karl Marx
  • Radical Criminology
  • Other Conflict Approaches
  • Make It Real: Ecoterrorism
  • Purpose of Law
  • Postmodernism
  • Conflict Approaches: Critique
  • Summary: Conflict Theories
  • Try It: Conflict Theories
Feminist Approaches
  • Goals: Feminist Approaches
  • Feminism in Criminology
  • Female Victims & Offenders
  • Make It Real: Crazy or Evil?
  • Origins of Feminist Criminology
  • Liberation Hypotheses
  • Feminization of Poverty
  • Gender Role Socialization
  • Examining Female Crime
  • Feminist Approaches: Critique
  • Summary: Feminist Approaches
  • Try It: Feminist Approaches
Peacemaking Criminology
  • Goals: Peacemaking Criminology
  • Peacemaking, Not Punishment
  • Restorative & Social Justice
  • Make It Real: Restorative Justice
  • Peacemaking Criminology: Critique
  • Summary: Peacemaking Criminology
  • Try It: Peacemaking Criminology
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Violent Crimes

Murder & Assault
  • Goals: Murder & Assault
  • Definitions & Differences
  • Murder & Assault Rates & Trends
  • Murder & Assault Patterns
  • Murder & Assault Methods
  • Murder & Assault Motives
  • Murder: One Offender, One Victim
  • Murder: Multiple Victims
  • Serial Murder
  • Make It Real: Female Serial Killers
  • Summary: Murder & Assault
  • Try It: Murder & Assault
Domestic Violence
  • Goals: Domestic Violence
  • Domestic Violence Defined
  • Domestic Violence Rates & Trends
  • Nature of Domestic Violence
  • Types of Domestic Violence
  • Make It Real: Why Not Leave?
  • Domestic Violence: Current Issues
  • Summary: Domestic Violence
  • Try It: Domestic Violence
Rape & Sexual Assault
  • Goals: Rape & Sexual Assault
  • Rape & Sexual Assault Defined
  • Rape: Rates, Trends, Patterns
  • Make It Real: Sexual Permission Policy
  • Rape Methods & Motives
  • Popular Misconceptions About Rape
  • Summary: Rape & Sexual Assault
  • Try It: Rape & Sexual Assault
Robbery
  • Goals: Robbery
  • Dynamics of Robbery
  • Profile of a Robbery
  • Robbery Methods & Motives
  • Make It Real: Bank Robbery
  • Types of Robbery
  • Summary: Robbery
  • Try It: Robbery
Targeted Violence
  • Goals: Targeted Violence
  • Hate Crime Defined
  • Make It Real: Matthew Shepard
  • Hate Crime Rates & Trends
  • Hate Groups
  • Terrorism
  • Domestic & International Terrorism
  • Terrorism: Images & Realities
  • Summary: Targeted Violence
  • Try It: Targeted Violence
Gang Crime
  • Goals: Gang Crime
  • Gang Defined
  • Membership & Activities
  • Types & Choice of Gangs
  • Make It Real: Getting Out
  • Summary: Gang Crime
  • Try It: Gang Crime
Stalking
  • Goals: Stalking
  • Stalking Defined
  • Nature of Stalking
  • Types of Stalking
  • Make It Real: Cyberstalking
  • Stalking Enforcement
  • Summary: Stalking
  • Try It: Stalking
Robbery
  • Goals: Robbery
  • Dynamics of Robbery
  • Profile of a Robbery
  • Robbery Methods & Motives
  • Make It Real: Bank Robbery
  • Types of Robbery
  • Summary: Robbery
  • Try It: Robbery
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Property Crimes

Burglary
  • Goals: Burglary
  • Dynamics of Burglary
  • Profile of a Burglary
  • Burglary Methods & Motives
  • Make It Real: Selecting Targets
  • Variations Among Burglaries
  • Summary: Burglary
  • Try It: Burglary
Larceny-Theft
  • Goals: Larceny-Theft
  • Dynamics of Larceny-Theft
  • Profile of a Theft
  • Make It Real: Shoplifted Items
  • Theft Methods & Motives
  • Types of Theft
  • Summary: Larceny-Theft
  • Try It: Larceny-Theft
Motor Vehicle Theft
  • Goals: Motor Vehicle Theft
  • Motor Vehicle Theft DynamiCritical Perspectives
  • Motor Vehicle Theft Patterns
  • Motor Vehicle Theft Methods
  • Motor Vehicle Theft Motives
  • Make It Real: Carjacking
  • Summary: Motor Vehicle Theft
  • Try It: Motor Vehicle Theft
Arson
  • Goals: Arson
  • Dynamics of Arson
  • Profile of an Arson
  • Arson Motives
  • Make It Real: Pyromania
  • Summary: Arson
  • Try It: Arson
Other Property Crimes
  • Goals: Other Property Crimes
  • Tipster & Fence
  • Vandalism
  • Make It Real: Graffiti
  • Summary: Other Property Crimes
  • Try It: Other Property Crimes
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Vice & Illegal Enterprise

Public Order Crimes
  • Goals: Public Order Crimes
  • Crimes Against the Public Order
  • Relativity of Vice
  • Legalization Debate
  • Make It Real: Regulating Marijuana
  • Legalizing Vice: Pro
  • Legalizing Vice: Con
  • Summary: Public Order Crimes
  • Try It: Public Order Crimes
Drug & Alcohol Crimes
  • Goals: Drug & Alcohol Crime
  • Legal versus Illegal Drugs
  • Make It Real: Drinking as a Crime
  • Types of Offenses
  • Types of Drug Crimes
  • How Widespread?
  • Influence on Other Crime
  • Summary: Drug & Alcohol Crime
  • Try It: Drug & Alcohol Crime
Prostitution & Gambling
  • Goals: Prostitution & Gambling
  • Prostitution Defined
  • Prostitution Patterns
  • Profile of Prostitution
  • Make It Real: Choosing Prostitution
  • Gambling Defined
  • Legal versus Illegal Gambling
  • Summary: Prostitution & Gambling
  • Try It: Prostitution & Gambling
Organized Crime
  • Goals: Organized Crime
  • Foothold for Organized Crime
  • Organized Crime: Myth & Reality
  • What Is Organized Crime?
  • Summary: Organized Crime
  • Try It: Organized Crime
Organized Crime Today
  • Goals: Organized Crime Today
  • Prevalence Of Organized Crime
  • Who Is Involved?
  • Make It Real: Organized Crime Groups
  • How Do They Get Involved?
  • What Do They Do?
  • How Do They Do It?
  • Do They Get Caught?
  • Summary: Organized Crime Today
  • Try It: Organized Crime Today
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Elite Crime

Elite Crime Types
  • Goals: Elite Crime Types
  • White-Collar & Corporate Offending
  • Corporate or White-Collar Crime?
  • Types of Corporate Crime
  • Types of White-Collar Crime
  • Make It Real: Veneer of Legitimacy
  • Who Is Harmed?
  • Is It Really a Crime?
  • Summary: Elite Crime Types
  • Try It: Elite Crime Types
White-Collar Crime
  • Goals: White-Collar Crime
  • White-Collar Crime Prevalence
  • Pilfering & Embezzlement
  • Fraud
  • Types of Fraud
  • Misuse of Power
  • Make It Real: Why Crime?
  • How Much Harm?
  • Summary: White-Collar Crime
  • Try It: White-Collar Crime
Corporate Crime
  • Goals: Corporate Crime
  • Corporate Crime Prevalence
  • Corporate Crime Defined
  • Crimes Against Employees
  • Make It Real: Challenger Disaster
  • Crimes Against Consumers
  • Crimes Against Society & Environment
  • Summary: Corporate Crime
  • Try It: Corporate Crime
Utopias
  • Goals: Utopias
  • Thomas More: Utopia
  • Utopian Thinking
  • Varieties of Utopias
  • Spotlight: Plato
  • Spotlight: Charlotte Perkins Gillman
  • Dystopias
  • Summary: Utopias
  • Try It: Utopias
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Crime & Societal Reaction

Assessing Harm
  • Goals: Assessing Harm
  • What Is Harm?
  • Criminal Harm
  • Make It Real: Psychological Impact
  • Nexus of Intent & Harm
  • Summary: Assessing Harm
  • Try It: Assessing Harm
Physical Harm
  • Goals: Physical Harm
  • Street Crime: Physical Harm
  • White-Collar Crime: Physical Harm
  • Corporate Crime: Physical Harm
  • Make It Real: Buried Alive
  • Environmental Crime: Physical Harm
  • Physical Harm: Taking Stock
  • Summary: Physical Harm
  • Try It: Physical Harm
Economic Harm
  • Goals: Economic Harm
  • Cost of Street Crime
  • Cost of Public Order Crime
  • Cost of Organized Crime
  • Cost of White-Collar Crime
  • Cost of Corporate Crime
  • Make It Real: Personal Cost of Enron
  • Economic Harm: Taking Stock
  • Summary: Economic Harm
  • Try It: Economic Harm
Legal Consequences
  • Goals: Legal Consequences
  • Consequences: Street Crime
  • Consequences: Vice & Illegal Enterprise
  • Consequences: White-Collar Crime
  • Consequences: Corporate Crime
  • Make It Real: Corporate Personhood
  • Summary: Legal Consequences
  • Try It: Legal Consequences
Crime & Society
  • Goals: Crime & Society
  • Crime & Society: Consensus View
  • Crime & Society: Conflict View
  • Perceived versus Real Harm
  • Our Focus on Street Crime
  • Summary: Crime & Society
  • Try It: Crime & Society
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